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Wales Roman Sites

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Aberffraw Fort
Aberffraw, on the A4080
First century fort, with two occupation phases.

Abergavenny Roman Fort
Wye Valley and Vale of Usk
Abergavenny, on the A465/A40
Roman fort called Gobannium was built c AD57-400; granaries built of timber.

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Brecon Gaer Roman Fort
Mid Wales and Brecon Beacons
Minor road from B4520 north of Brecon, Powys
In fields belonging to Y Gaer farm near Aberyscir
Fort built about AD 75 near the River Usk; remains consist of perimeter wall, corner turrets and gateways; Brecknock Museum in Brecon displays the archaeological finds from the site.

Between A470-A494, near Dolgellau, Gwynedd
A fortlet abandoned cAD120; evidence of lead smelting and tanning found at the site.

Between Betws-y-Coed and Capel Curig, Gwynedd.
4-acre site of a Roman fort, built AD90, abandoned cAD120; Possible lead mining by the Romans took place nearby; rampart, ditches, bathhouse remains.

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North Wales Coast and Borderlands
In the Cambrian Mountains, by Pen y Crocbren, Llangurig, Powys
Off the A44/A470
Roman fortlet where quartz mining may have taken place.

Caer Gai
Near Bala (A494), Gwynedd
A rectangular Roman-British fort and settlement, built of timber, AD75-80, then abandoned cAD120; inside the former fort is a farm.

Caer Gybi
Holyhead, on west shore of the harbour
At site of St Gybi church
3rd century Roman fort with only the walls surviving.

North Wales Coast and Borderlands
Esgairperfedd, Powys
A temporary Roman marching camp, abandoned
circa 120–150.

Four miles from Conwy
1 mile south of Tyn y Groes, on the B5106
Private ownership but site crossed by public footpath; ask permission to view
Also known as Canovium; built cAD75; square fort with clay bank and two ditches; first built of timber, then stone; destroyed around AD200; reused in the 4th century, abandoned by the beginning of the 5th century.

Caerleon Roman Fortress and Baths
Wye Valley and Vale of Usk
Caerleon, on B4236
Just north-east of Newport, Monmouthshire
Tel. 0 1633 422 518
50 acre site; called Isca by the Romans; home to 2nd Augustinian legion from 75AD; remains include barracks, baths, fortress wall and amphitheatre; viewing galleries in a covered building; AV tour explains the site; Legionary Museum has collections of sculpture, mosaics, pottery, glass and other Roman artifacts; parking; shop.

Caerphilly Stone Fort
Cardiff, Coast and Valleys of South Wales
On the A468
A 21-acre stone fort with ramparts, passageways and gates; built c AD103-112; bathhouse lay outside the fort.

Caersws Roman Forts
North Wales Coast and Borderlands
Caersws, Powys
On the A470
Roman fort occupied until 4th century.

Caerwent Roman Town
Cardiff, Coast and Valleys of South Wales
11 miles south of Newport
signposted off A48
Open: open site
Cadw property; 44 acre site of Roman town; much of the 4th century wall remains; excavated houses and Romano-Celtic temple; tribal capital of the Silures and largest centre of civilian population in Roman Wales.

Cardiff Roman fort
Cardiff, Coast and Valleys of South Wales
On the A48
Victorian reconstruction of rectangular Roman fort occupied until the end of the 1st century; another built of stone in the late 3rd century but abandoned by 4th century.

Castell Collen Fort
North Wales Coast and Borderlands
Between Llandrindod and Rhayader, Powys
One mile north-west of Llandrindod
Occupied until the early 3rd century; reduced in size by building a cross-wall; extensive earthworks still visible.

Clyro Roman Fort
North Wales Coast and Borderlands
Near Hay-on-Wye (B4350), Powys.
Roman fort occupied at two different times.

Cowbridge Roman military site
Swansea, Gower, and the Vale of Neath
On the A48
Roman military site was located here.

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Dolaucothi Gold Mine
Pumsaint, Llanwrda
Tel. 01558 650 177
National Trust property; scheduled ancient monument; Romans removed over ½ million tons of rock leaving behind chasms and pits where they mined the gold veins; Romans left in 4th century, leaving barracks, bathhouses and other town remains; underground tours; video, interpretation centre; tea-room; walks; picnic area; fishing; accommodation, caravan site; special event days.

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Forden Gaer Roman Fort
North Wales Coast and Borderlands
At conflux of Severn River and Afon Rhiw, Powys, off the A483
Also named Levobrinta; built in the middle of the 2nd century by Romans to safeguard Severn river crossing at Rhydywyn; ramparts constitute the few remains.

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Gelligaer Military Station
Cardiff, Coast and Valleys of South Wales
On the B4254 at Gelligaer
14 miles north of Cardiff
Roman fort abandoned c 120 AD; smaller stone fort built on the same site but abandoned in middle of 2nd century; remains of the fort have been uncovered.

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North Wales Coast and Borderlands
Hindwell Farm, Radnor Valley, Powys
On the B4357
Fort abandoned in the late 1st century.

Holyhead Mountain Watch-tower
Holyhead, Anglesey
On the B4585
4th century Roman watch-tower sited on mountain top.

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Llandovery Fort
Llandovery, on the A483
Remains of a fort now covered by a medieval church, St Mary’s.

On A494, north end of Bala Lake
Roman marching camp, watch tower, and supply depot.

North Wales Coast and Borderlands
On the A487 coastal road
Roman supply base that was part of a complex.

Loughor Roman fort
Swansea, Gower, and the Vale of Neath
On the edge of Swansea
Roman fort named Leucarum; abandoned in the middle of the 2nd century, then possibly reused in the late 3rd-early 4th century.

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Monmouth Roman Fort
Wye Valley and Vale of Usk
Monmouth, on the A40
Roman fort called Blestium was established here.

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Neath Roman Fort
Swansea, Gower, and the Vale of Neath
Neath, W. Glamorgan
A fort, Nidum, was abandoned c AD120.

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Pen Llystyn
On the east bank of the Afon Dwyfach
Near Bryncir
On the A487 trunk road from Porthmadog to Caernarfon
Military infantry fort with housing for 1000 soldiers.

North Wales Coast and Borderlands
B5106, Powys
Fort abandoned circa AD120; farm now lies in the centre of the site.

Penydarren Roman Fort
Cardiff, Coast and Valleys of South Wales
Tregenna Hotel, Park Terrace, Merthyr Tydfil
On the A464/A4060
Remains of stone floors, bathhouse and Roman bricks.

Pigwyn Roman Marching Camps
Mid Wales and Brecon Beacons
By foot from Trecastle, Powys, on the A40
Low earth banks are all that remains of these two marching camps; nearby are the Pigwyn stone circles to which a Roman road ran.

Pumpsaint (Luentinum) Fort
Off the A482 to Llandovery at Pumpsaint, Llanwrda, Carmarthenshire. Wood Flavian fort dated about AD 120, rebuilt in stone, but abandoned by AD 150. It guarded the Dolaucothi gold mines.

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Ruthin Roman Fort
North Wales Coast and Borderlands
On the A494, Denbighshire
Open: open site
Roman fort abandoned circa 100AD.

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Sarn Helen Roman Road
Mid Wales and Brecon Beacons
Near Brecon, Powys, A40. Well preserved part of a Roman road that ran from Coed-y-Garreg to Brecon.

On the A487, Beddgelert Road, Caernarfon, Gwynedd
closed in 2011 due to lack of funding; may or may not reopen
Remains of a Roman fort constructed about AD 77 by Agricola; occupied until AD 394; museum is at the site.

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On the A496
Two miles southeast of Maentwrog, Gwynedd
Rectangular Roman timber fort and amphitheatre, later built in stone in early 2nd century; abandoned by AD140.

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Usk Roman fortress
Wye Valley and Vale of Usk
Usk, on the A472
Roman legionary fortress called Burrium, constructed circa AD54; tiles and pottery found at the site; may also have been used as a works depot.

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