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Scotland Prehistoric Sites

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Aberlemno Sculptured Stones
Angus and Dundee
Aberlemno, 6 miles (10km) northeast of Forfar, Angus
On the B9134
Open: open site except covered with boxes from Oct-March for protection
Historic Scotland property; cross-slab in the churchyard with interlaced decoration and Pictish symbols; three others stones, dating from 7-9th century AD, stand by the road

Achnabreck Cup and Ring Marks
Argyll and Bute
1.5 miles (2.4km) north-west of Lochgilphead, Argyll
On the A83/A816 (signposted
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; well preserved Bronze Age cup and ring marks

Ardblair Circle
Perthshire (Perth and Kinross)
On the B947
Six stones, three on each side of the road

Ardestie Earth-House
Angus and Dundee
1.25 miles (1.6km) north of Monifieth, Angus
Off the A92
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; curved 80 ft (24.4m) long Iron Age underground gallery, now uncovered

Arinagour’s Cairn
Hebrides
On the island of Coll, Inner Hebrides, governed by Argyll
Prehistoric grave site

Auchagallon Stone Circle
Ayrshire and Isle of Arran
Near Macrie Arran
Four miles north of Blackwaterfoot
Off the A841
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; Bronze Age burial cairn surrounded by circle of 15 standing stones

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Ballgowan Cup and Ring Marks
Argyll and Bute
1 mile (1.6km) southwest of Kilmartin, Argyll
On the A816
Historic Scotland property; Bronze Age cup and ring marks on natural rock faces

Barnhouse Neolithic village
Orkney Isles
On island of Mainland, Orkney near Stenness Reconstruction of original prehistoric village

Bharpa Langas
Hebrides
On the island of North Uist, Outer Hebrides, governed by the Western Isles council
Remains of a 5000 year old tomb

Blackhammer
Orkney Isles
On the island of Rousay
A stalled Neolithic chambered cairn dated BC 2500

Brandsbutt Symbol Stone
Grampian (Aberdeenshire and Moray)
1 mile (1.6km) northwest of Inverurie
Off the A96
Tel. 01667 460 232
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; Early Pictish symbol stone with an ogham (ancient British and Irish alphabet of 20 symbols formed either side of or across a continuous line) inscription

Broch of Gurness
Orkney Isles
At Aikerness, northwest of Kirkwall, Mainland, Orkney
Off the A966 on sand track
Tel. 01856 751 414
Open: April-end Sep, daily, 9.30am-5.30pm
Historic Scotland property; entry fee; remains of a broch and other settlements include a ditch, rampart and Iron Age buildings; exhibition

Brough of Birsay
Orkney Isles
Tidal island offshore from northwestern point of Mainland, Orkney
Reached at low tide by walking across a causeway. (Ask at local TIC in Stromness or Kirkwall for tide times.)
Remains of Pictish and Norse settlements include farmsteads, domestic buildings and a Norse cathedral dating from the early 12th century; museum at site

Brown and White Caterthuns
Angus and Dundee
On minor road at the foot of Glen Lethnot, Angus
Two miles from Bridgend, near the A90
Two Iron Age hillforts defended by ramparts and ditches

Burroughston Broch
Orkney Isles
On north-east corner of island of Shapinsay, Orkney
Open: Open site

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Cairnpapple Hill
Edinburgh and the Lothians
Three miles (5km) north of Bathgate, Lothian
Near Torphichen (B792)
Narrow, winding road
Tel. 01506 634 622
Open: April-end Sep, 9.30am-5.30pm, daily
Historic Scotland property; one of the most important prehistoric monuments in Scotland; used as burial and ceremonial site from BC3000 to AD500; central part of monument under cement dome with ladder leading down to interior; views from the hill; parking

Callanish Standing Stones
Hebrides
near village of same name
12 miles west of Stornowy, off A859
Isle of Lewis, Outer Hebrides
Governed by Western Isles council
Tel. 0 1851 621 422
Open: April-end Sep, daily, 10am-6pm; Oct-end March, Wed-Sat, 10am-4pm
Historic Scotland property; cross shaped stones in circle with large standing stone in center; date from 2900-2600 BC with tomb built later; 13 primary stones form 13m diameter circle; approach avenue of stones to north; stone rows to east, south; stones of local Lewis gneiss and measure from 1m to 5m in height; burial cairn with human remains discovered; visitor centre; parking, shop, coffee shop

Carinish Stone Circle
Hebrides
Runs through middle of main road, Isle of North Uist
Open: open site; church open
Only seven stones remain of original circle; nearby is 13th century Trinity Temple church ruin, added to in 16th and 19thcenturies, then destroyed; medieval monastery ruin near Carinish requires half mile walk through fields

Carloway Broch
Hebrides
1.5 miles south of Carloway, Lewis on the A858
Tel. 0 1851 710 395 (The Blackhouse, Arnol)
Historic Scotland property; galleried walls and entrance guard chamber of the broch tower are still visible; visitor centre; parking

Carlungie Earth-House
Angus and Dundee
2.5 miles (4km) northeast of Monifieth
On the B961, off A92
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; complex Iron Age underground structure, 150 ft (45.7km) long, now uncovered.

Carn Ban
Ayrshire and Isle of Arran
In remote countryside 3.5 miles (5.8km) northeast of Lagg, Arran
On A841; reached by four mile walk
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; one of the most famous Neolithic long cairns in the south-west

Castlelaw Hill Fort
Edinburgh and the Lothians
On Castle Knowe
Off the A702, south of Edinburgh
One mile north-west of Glencorse
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; Iron Age hill fort; parking

Chesters Hill Fort
Edinburgh and the Lothians
1 mile (1.6km) south of Drem, Lothian
Off the B1377
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; well preserved Iron Age fort; elaborate system of ramparts and ditches; parking

Clickhimin Broch
Shetland Isles
One mile (1.6km) southwest of Lerwick, Mainland, Shetland
On the A970
Tel. 01856 841815 (Skara Brae)
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; Iron Age Broch tower and related buildings

Cullerlie Stone Circle
Grampian (Aberdeenshire and Moray)
Near Garlogie, 12 miles (19.3km) west of Aberdeen
On minor road off the B9125
Tel. 0 1667 460 232
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; 4000 year old circle of 8 stones; parking
For photos and more details see our article Recumbent Stone Circles of Aberdeenshire

Culsh Earth-House
Grampian (Aberdeenshire and Moray)
Culsh, 1 mile (1.6km) east of Tarland
Off the B9119
Tel. 0 1667 460 232
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; well-preserved 2000-year-old underground passage with roof slabs intact over large chamber and entrance

Cuween Hill Chambered Cairn
Orkney Isles
.5 miles south of Finstown
Mainland, Orkney
On the A965
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; Neolithic chambered tomb with four cells; once contained bones of men, dogs and oxen; access possible but can be muddy

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Drumtroddan Cup and Ring Marked Rocks and Standing Stones
Dumfries and Galloway
Two miles (3km) north-east of Port William
On the A747
Historic Scotland property; three groups of cup and ring marked stones probably carved in the Bronze Age; an alignment of three stones

Dun an Achaidh Iron Age fort
Hebrides
On the island of Coll, Inner Hebrides, governed by Argyll.

Dun Leccamore Iron Age fort
Hebrides
On the island of Luing, one mile north of Toberonochy.

Dun Mor Vaul Broch
Hebrides
On the island of Tiree, Inner Hebrides, governed by Argyll.

Dunchraigaig Cairn
Argyll and Bute
1.25 miles (1.6km) south of Kilmartin, Argyll
Off the A816
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; Bronze Age cairn with three burial cists (chambers)

Dunfallandy Stone
Perthshire (Perth and Kinross)
1 mile (1.6km) south of Pitlochry
Off the A924, signed off Bridge Rd, Pitlochry
Historic Scotland property; well preserved decorated Pictish cross-slab

Dwarfie Stane Neolithic Tomb
Orkney Isles
3.5 miles from Rackwick
On island of Hoy towards north end
Historic Scotland property; dates from BC 3000; cut from huge block of sandstone; only example of rock-cut tomb in Scotland; parking

Dyce Symbol Stones
Grampian (Aberdeenshire and Moray)
In ruined parish church
.75 mile north of Kirkton off Aberdeen airport ring road
Off the B977
Tel. 01667 460 232
Historic Scotland property; two Pictish stones with symbols; parking

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Eassie Sculptured Stone
Angus and Dundee
Eassie, Angus
In old church of Eassie
Off the A94 west of Glamis
Historic Scotland property; in the church is an elaborately sculptured Pictish cross slab, decorated with a cross and Pictish symbols

Easter Aquhorthies Stone Circle
Grampian (Aberdeenshire and Moray)
One mile (1.6km) west of Inverurie
Off the A96
Tel. 0 1667 460 232
Historic Scotland property; 4000-year-old recumbent stone circle; car park nearby
For photos and more details see our article Recumbent Stone Circles of Aberdeenshire

Edin’s Hall Broch
The Borders
On northeastern slope of Cockburn Law hill, 4.5 miles (7km) from Grantshouse, (A1) Reached by a mile walk from the A6112, then 2 miles by footpath
Historic Scotland property; large Iron Age broch (circular stone tower) in a fort with ramparts and ditches

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Feall Bay Iron Age fort
Hebrides
On the island of Coll, Inner Hebrides, governed by Argyll.

Fowlis Wester Sculptured Stone
Perthshire (Perth and Kinross)
In village church at Fowlis Wester
6 miles (10km) northeast of Crieff
On the A85
Historic Scotland property; tall cross-slab carved with Pictish symbols, figure sculpture and Celtic details

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Glebe Cairn
Argyll and Bute
At Kilmartin Glebe, Argyll
Off the A816
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; early Bronze Age burial cairn, one of five in the valley

Grain Earth-House
Orkney Isles
One mile (1.6km) northwest of Kirkwall, Mainland, in Hatston Industrial Estate
Off the A965
Tel. 01856 841815 (Skara Brae)
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; Iron Age earth-house with underground chamber supported on stone pillars.

Grey Cairns of Camster
Highlands
Five miles (8km) north of Lybster on A9
then five miles by narrow road with passing places
Tel. 0 1667 460 232
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; restored chambered burial cairns; round Cairn has 20 ft (6.1km) long entrance passage (crawl on hands and knees) and chamber; larger second cairn is 200 (61km) ft long and 65 ft (20km) wide. Both date from Neolithic period (4400-2000BC); parking

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Hill o’ Many Stanes
Highlands
South of Wick
4 miles north-east of Lybster on A9
Tel. 01667 460 232
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; 22 rows of small Bronze Age stones in a fan shape

Holm of Papa Westray Chambered Cairn
Orkney Isles
On the island of Holm of Papa Westray
Reached by private boat hire from Papa Westray
Tel. 01856 841 815 (Skara Brae)
Historic Scotland property; massive tomb; long narrow chamber with 14 beehive cells and wall engravings

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Jarlshof Prehistoric and Norse Settlement
Shetland Isles
Sumburgh Head, 22 miles (35.4km) south of Lerwick, Mainland, Shetland, on A970
Tel. 01950 460 112
Open: April-Sep, 9.30am-5.30pm, daily
Historic Scotland property; three acres of ancient settlements; time span is over 3000 years; oval shaped Bronze age houses; Iron Age broch and wheelhouses, Viking long houses, medieval farmstead, 16th century laird's house; audio guide; Visitor centre; parking

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Kilmichael Glassary Cup and Ring Marks
Argyll and Bute
Kilmichael, Argyll
Near the schoolhouse on the A816
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; Bronze Age cup and ring carvings on a natural rock outcrop

Knap of Howar
Orkney Isles
On the island of Papa Westray
.25 miles west of Holland Farm
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; two early Neolithic standing stone houses with stone cupboards and stalls; thought to be oldest standing stone houses in northern Europe

Knowe of Yarso
Orkney Isles
On the island of Rousay
3 miles from the pier
Historic Scotland property; stalled cairn containing the remains of 29 people; used from BC 2900 to BC 1900

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Loanhead Stone Circle
Grampian (Aberdeenshire and Moray)
Near Daviot, 5 miles (8km) north-west of Inverurie,
On minor road signed off A920/B9001
Tel. 0 1667 460 232
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; recumbent stone circle enclosing a ring cairn, believed to be from 4000-5000 years old; parking
For photos and more details see our article Recumbent Stone Circles of Aberdeenshire

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Machrie Moor Stone Circles
Ayrshire and Isle of Arran
Three miles north of Blackwaterfoot
On west side of Arran, off the A841
1.5 mile walk to the site
Historic Scotland property; remains of 5 Bronze Age stone circles considered one of most important sites of its kind in all of Britain

Maes Howe Chambered Cairn
Orkney Isles
Nine miles (14.5km) west of Kirkwall, Mainland
On the A965; Orkney coach 91 goes to the site
Tel. 0 1856 761 606
Open: by guided tour only with timed ticket in operation--phone to book; April-end Sep, 9.30am-5.30pm daily; Oct-March, 9.30am-4.30pm, daily
Historic Scotland property; finest megalithic tomb in the British Isles; large Neolithic mound (26ft (7.93m) high, 115ft (35m) in diameter, encircled by a ditch) covers stone-built passage 39 ft (11.9m) long leading to large burial chamber with 3 cells in the walls; Viking runes carved on the walls; exhibition; parking

Maiden Stone
Grampian (Aberdeenshire and Moray)
On minor road off the A96
Near Chapel of Garioch
4.5 miles (6.8km) northwest of Inverurie
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; Pictish cross-slab from the 9th century; one side has Celtic cross and other side has Pictish symbols

Memsie Cairn
Grampian (Aberdeenshire and Moray)
On B9032 .5 mile south-west of Memsie village
Off the A90 (A92), near Rathen
3.5 miles (5.8km) south of Fraserburgh
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; large stone-built cairn, probably Bronze Age

Midhowe Broch
Orkney Isles
Near Midhowe chambered cairn
On island of Rousay, on the B9064
Very steep access
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; well-preserved broch with remains of later building; built in the first century AD

Midhowe Chambered Cairn
Orkney Isles
Near Midhowe Broch
On the island of Rousay on the B9064
Very steep access
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; huge Neolithic chambered tomb in an oval mound with 25 stalls; protected by a modern building

Minehowe
Orkney Isles
On the island of Mainland at Tankerness
Off the A960 on minor road
Open 10am-6pm until end of Sept
Private ownership. Access by steep stone steps to underground chamber; bones, pottery and other artifacts were found in the chamber

Moss Farm Road Stone Circle
Ayrshire and Isle of Arran
3 miles (5km) north of Blackwaterfoot, Arran
Off the A841
Historic Scotland property; remains of Bronze Age cairn surrounded by stone circle

Mousa Broch
Shetland Isles
On the uninhabited island of Mousa
Accessible by boat from Sandwick, off the A970 south of Lerwick, Mainland
Tel. for ferry 01950 431 367
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; considered to be the finest surviving Iron Age broch tower; 40 ft (12.2m) high and 50 ft (15.2m) in diameter at the base; entrance by a long passage

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Nether Largie Cairns
Argyll and Bute
Between Nether Largie and Kilmartin, Argyll
Off the A816
Historic Scotland property; two Bronze Age cairns and one Neolithic cairn (3000BC); axe carvings in north cairn

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Picardy Symbol Stone
Grampian (Aberdeenshire and Moray)
Off the B922, near Insch
8 miles south of Huntly
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; one of the oldest Pictish symbol stones, possible 7th century

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Quoyness Chambered Cairn
Orkney Isles
On the island of Sanday
On southern point of Els Ness
2.5 miles from Kettlehoft village
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; Megalithic tomb with retaining walls, passage, main chamber and cells

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Rennibister Earth House
Orkney Isles
On A965, western Mainland
Situated behind a farmhouse
Historic Scotland property; access by trap door and ladder; thought to date from the Iron Age

Ri Cruin Cairn
Argyll and Bute
1 mile (1.6km) south-west of Kilmartin, Argyll
Off the A816
Historic Scotland property; Bronze Age burial cairn with covering removed to view three large burial chambers (cists); axe head carvings

Ring of Brodgar Stone Circle and Henge
Orkney Isles
5 miles (8km) north-east of Stromness, Mainland
On the A965
Tel. 01856 841 815(Skara Brae)
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; late Neolithic circle of 36 upright stones (originally 60 stones) with an enclosing ditch; parking

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Scottish Crannog Centre
Perthshire (Perth and Kinross)
Kenmore, Loch Tay, six miles west of Aberfeldy
Tel. 0 1887 830583
Open: April-end Oct, daily, 10am-5.30; also weekends in Nov, 10am-4pm
Reconstructed iron age dwelling built out from the shore on stilts; crafts of the times are demonstrated; special events; exhibition; parking
Web: Scottish Crannog Centre

Skara Brae Prehistoric Village
Orkney Isles
On the B9056, 19 miles north-west of Kirkwall, Mainland
Tel. 01856 841 815
Open: April-end Sep, 9.30am-5.30pm daily; Oct-March, 9.30am-4.30pm, daily
Historic Scotland property; best preserved group of Stone Age (main periods of settlement between 3100-2500BC) houses in western Europe; linked by covered passageways; stone furniture; exhibition, museum; cafe, shop; public transport available

St Orland’s Stone
Angus and Dundee
In a field near Cossans farm
4.5 miles (6.8km) west of Forfar, Angus,
Off minor road from A92/A928/A926; not signposted
Historic Scotland property; Pictish cross-slab with cross and Pictish symbols on one side

Staneydale Temple
Shetland Isles
3.5 miles (5.8km) east of Walls, Mainland on On minor road off the A971
Route marked by poles, can be very wet
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; Neolithic hall containing large oval chamber; ruins of houses, walls and cairns

Steinacleit Cairn and Stone Circle
Hebrides
On the south end of Loch an Duin, Shader, Isle of Lewis
North-west of Stornoway on the A857 to Ness
Tel. 0 1851 710 395 (The Blackhouse, Arnol)
Open: open site; may be muddy
Historic Scotland property; 10 early prehistoric stone slabs around a central mound; ruins of chambered cairn; 50 feet in diameter, oval shaped

Stones of Stenness Circle and Henge
Orkney Isles
Five miles (8km) northeast of Stromness
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; remains of a stone circle surrounded by remains of a circular earthwork; parking

Sueno’s Stone
Grampian (Aberdeenshire and Moray)
At east end of Forres
Off the A96
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; most remarkable sculptured monument in Britain, 20 ft (6.1m) high; dates to end of AD 1000; thought to be a cenotaph

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Taversoe Tuick Chambered Cairn
Orkney Isles
On the island of Rousay
.5 mile west of pier
Access may be muddy
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; Neolithic chambered mound with two burial chambers

Temple Wood Stone Circles
Argyll and Bute
.25 miles south-west of Nether Largie
South of Kilmartin, Argyll on A816
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; circle of upright stones and remains of earlier circle; date approximately 3000BC.

Tirefour Broch
Hebrides
On Isle of Lismore, Inner Hebrides
Governed by Argyll
.5 mile from Clachan
Double walled broch

Tofts Ness
Orkney Isles
On the island of Sanday
Open: open site
500 prehistoric burial mounds

Tomb of the Eagles
Orkney Isles
Near Isbister, Mainland
On a farm
Tel. 01856 831 339
Open: April-end Sep, daily, 10am-8pm; in winter until noon
5000 year old stalled burial chamber; eagle claws and human skulls in a tomb

Tomnaverie Stone Circle
Grampian (Aberdeenshire and Moray)
Off B9094, near Mill of Wester Coull
3 miles (5km) north-west of Aboyne on B9094
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; 4000-year-old recumbent stone circle
For photos and more details see our article Recumbent Stone Circles of Aberdeenshire

Torhouse Stone Circle
Dumfries and Galloway
On the B733, 4 miles (6km) west of Wigtown
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; Bronze Age circle of 19 boulders (no longer upright)

Torr a’Chaisteal Fort
Ayshire and Isle of Arran
4 miles (6km) south of Blackwaterfoot, Arran Off the A841
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; circular Iron Age fort on a ridge

Torrylin Cairn
Ayrshire and Isle of Arran
.4 mile south-east of Lagg, Arran
On southern tip of the island off A841
Historic Scotland property; Neolithic chambered cairn with four visible compartments

Totronald Standing Stones
Hebrides
On the island of Coll, Inner Hebrides Governed by Argyll
Open: open site
Group of standing stones

Twelve Apostles Neolithic Stone Circle
Dumfries and Galloway
Off the A76, north of Dumfries and New Bridge
Situated in a field
Of the 11 remaining stones only 5 are standing, the tallest of which is about 3.2 feet high

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Unstan Chambered Cairn
Orkney Isles
3.5 miles (5.8km) north-east of Stromness, Mainland
On farm road off the A965
Historic Scotland property; Neolithic mound covering a communal stone burial chamber of 5 compartments; pottery found in the chamber

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Wideford Hill Chambered Cairn
Orkney Isles
Two miles (3km) west of Kirkwall, Mainland then .5 mile on foot from the road
Access by trap door and ladder
Can be muddy
Open: open site
Historic Scotland property; chambered Neolithic (3500-2500BC) tomb in a cairn with 3 concentric walls and a burial chamber; views from the hillside

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