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Prehistoric Stones List: Scotland

Loanhead Stone Circle by Barbara Ballard For your convenience when travelling and planning an itinerary we have listed Scotlandís Prehistoric attractions by area (see our map on Scotland home page). Further details and photographs may be in our Attractions section or Articles section.

Angus

Aberlemno Sculptured Stones
At Aberlemno, 6 miles (10km) northeast of Forfar, Angus, on the B9134. Historic Scotland.
Cross-slab in the churchyard with interlaced decoration and Pictish symbols. Three others stones, dating from 7-9th century AD, stand by the road.

Ardestie Earth-House
1 mile (1.6km) north of Monifieth, Angus, off the A92. Historic Scotland.
Curved 80 ft. (24.4m) long Iron Age underground gallery, now uncovered.

Carlungie Earth-House
2.5 miles (4km) northeast of Monifieth, Angus, on the B961. Historic Scotland.
Complex Iron Age underground structure, 150 ft. (45.7km) long, now uncovered.

St Orland's Stone
In a field near Cossans farm, 4.5 miles (6.8km) west of Forfar, Angus, off minor road from A92/A928. Historic Scotland.
Early Christian sculptured slab with Pictish symbols on one side.

Argyll and Bute, Isle of Arran

Achnabreck Cup and Ring Marks
1.5 miles (2.4km) northwest of Lochgilphead, Argyll and Bute, on A83/A816. Historic Scotland.
Well preserved Bronze Age cup and ring marks.

Auchagallon Stone Circle
Near Macrie, Arran, off the A841. Historic Scotland.
Bronze Age burial cairn surrounded by circle of 15 standing stones.

Ballgowan Cup and Ring Marks
1 mile (1.6km) southwest of Kilmartin, Argyll and Bute, on A816. Historic Scotland.
Bronze Age cup and ring marks on natural rock faces.

Carn Ban
In remote countryside 3.5 miles (5.8km) northeast of Lagg, Arran, on A841; reached by foot. Historic Scotland.
One of the most famous Neolithic long cairns in the southwest.

Dunchraigaig Cairn
1 mile (1.6km) south of Kilmartin, Argyll and Bute, on the A816. Historic Scotland.
Bronze Age cairn with 3 burial cists (chambers).

Glebe Cairn
By Kilmartin, Argyll and Bute, on the A816. Historic Scotland.
Early Bronze Age burial cairn with tow burial chambers

Kilmichael Glassary Cup and Ring Marks
Near the schoolhouse at Kilmichael, Argyll and Bute, on A816. Historic Scotland.
Bronze Age cup and ring carvings on a natural rock outcrop.

Machrie Moor Stone Circle
Off the A841 near Macrie, Arran. 1 Ĺ mile walk. Historic Scotland.
Remains of 5 Bronze Age stone circles considered one of most important sites of its kind in all of Britain.

Moss Farm Road Stone Circles
3 miles (5km) north of Blackwaterfoot, Arran on A841. Historic Scotland.
Remains of Bronze Age cairn surrounded by stone circle.

Nether Largie Cairns
Near Kilmartin, Argyll and Bute, on the A816. Historic Scotland.
Two Bronze Age cairns and one Neolithic cairn (3000BC).

Ri Cruin Cairn
1 mile (1.6km) south of Kilmartin, Argyll and Bute, on the A816. Historic Scotland.
Bronze Age burial cairn with covering removed to view 3 large burial chambers (cists).

Temple Wood Stone Circles
South of Kilmartin, Argyll and Bute, on A816. Historic Scotland.
Circle of upright stones and remains of earlier circle. Date approximately 3000BC.

Torr a'Chaisteal Fort
4 miles (6km) south of Blackwaterfoot, Arran on A841. Historic Scotland.
Circular Iron Age fort on a ridge

Torrylin Cairn
Southeast of Lagg, Arran on southern tip of island on A841. Historic Scotland.
Neolithic chambered

Borders

Edin's Hall Broch
On northeastern slope of Cockburn Law hill, 4.5 miles (7km) from Grantshouse, (A1) Borders; reached by a mile walk from the A6112. Historic Scotland.
A large Iron Age broch (circular stone tower) in a fort with ramparts and ditches.

Dumfries and Galloway

Drumtroddan Cup and Ring Marked Rocks and Standing Stones
Two miles (3km) northeast of Port William, Dumfries and Galloway, on the A747. Historic Scotland.
Three groups of cup and ring marked stones probably carved in the Bronze Age; an alignment of three stones.

Ruthwell Cross
Off the B724 at Ruthwell, Dumfries and Galloway, 8 miles (13km) southeast of Dumfries (within parish church). Historic Scotland.
Anglian sculptured cross dates from 7th century. Considered a major monument of Dark Age Europe.

Torhouse Stone Circle
On the B733, 4 miles (6km) west of Wigtown, Dumfries and Galloway, (A714). Historic Scotland. Bronze Age circle of 19 boulders (no longer upright).

Grampian

Brandsbutt Symbol Stone
1 mile (1.6km) northwest of Inverurie, Grampian, off the A96. Historic Scotland.
Early Pictish symbol stone with an ogham (ancient British and Irish alphabet of 20 symbols formed either side of or across a continuous line) inscription.

Cullerlie Stone Circle
Near Garlogie, 12 miles (19.3km) west of Aberdeen, Grampian, on minor road off the B9125. Historic Scotland.
A 4000 year old circle of 8 stones.

Culsh Earth-House
At Culsh, Grampian, 1 mile (1.6km) south of Tarland, off the B9119. Historic Scotland.
Well-preserved 2000-year-old underground passage with roof slabs intact over large chamber and entrance.

Dyce Symbol Stones
In the ruined parish church north of Dyce, Grampian, off the B977. Historic Scotland.
Two Pictish stones

Easter Aquhorthies Stone Circle
One mile (1.6km) west of Inverurie, Grampiain, off the A96. Historic Scotland.
4000-year-old recumbent stone circle. Car park nearby.

Loanhead Stone Circle
Near Daviot, 5 miles (8km) northwest of Inverurie, Grampian, on minor road off A920/B9001. Historic Scotland.
Recumbent stone circle enclosing a ring cairn, believed to be from 4000-5000 years old.

Maiden Stone
On minor road off the A96, near Chapel of Garioch, 4.5 miles (6.8km) northwest of Inverurie. Historic Scotland. Pictish cross-slab from the 9th century. One side has Celtic cross and other side has Pictish symbols.

Memsie Cairn
Memsie, Fraserburgh, Grampian, on B9032, 3.5 m S Fraserburgh. Historic Scotland.
Large stone cairn about 24 meters across, probably dating from Bronze age.

Picardy Symbol Stone
Off the B922, near Insch, Grampian. Historic Scotland.
One of the oldest Pictish symbol stones, possible 7th century.

Sueno's Stone
At east end of Forres, Grampian, on the A96. Historic Scotland.
Most remarkable sculptured monument in Britain, 20 ft. (6.1m) high. Dates to end of 1000AD.

Tomnaverie Stone Circle
Off B9094, near Mill of Wester Coull, 3 miles (5km) northwest of Aboyne, Grampian. Historic Scotland. 4000-year-old recumbent stone circle.

Highlands and Islands

Callanish Standing Stones
On the Isle of Lewis and Harris, off the A858.
Group of stones forming a circle-one of several in the area that date from the late Stone Age and early Bronze Age, over 4000 years old. Central burial chamber of Neolithic age.

Carloway Broch
On the Isle of Lewis and Harris, off the A858.
The galleried walls and entrance guard chamber of the broch are still visible.

Grey Cairns of Camster
Five miles (8km) off A9 by narrow road with passing places.
Round Cairn has 20 ft (6.1km) long entrance passage (crawl on hands and knees) and chamber. Larger second cairn is 200 (61km) ft long and 65 ft (20km) wide. Both date from Neolithic period (4400-2000BC

Hill o' Many Stanes
Off the A9 south of Wick.
22 rows of small Bronze Age stones in a fan shape.

Lothian

Cairnpapple Hill
Three miles (5km) north of Bathgate, Lothian, near Torphichen (B792). Narrow, winding road. Historic Scotland.
One of the most important prehistoric monuments in Scotland. Used as burial and ceremonial site from 3000 to 1400 BC. Central part of monument under cement dome with ladder leading down to interior. Views from the hill.

Castlelaw Hill Fort
Off the A702, south of Edinburgh, Lothian near the Pentland Hills Visitor Centre. Historic Scotland.
Iron Age hill fort.

Chesters Hill Fort
1 mile (1.6km) south of Drem, Lothian on the B1377. Historic Scotland.
Well preserved Iron Age fort, elaborate system of ramparts and ditches.

Doonhill Homestead
Two miles (3km) south of Dunbar, off A1. Historic Scotland.
Site of 6th century wooden hall and Anglian chief's hall of 7th century.

Orkney

Broch of Gurness
At Aikerness, northwest of Kirkwall, Mainland, on the A966. Tel. (0) 831 579478. Historic Scotland. Open summer only. Entry fee.
Ditch, rampart, broch, Iron Age buildings. Exhibition.

Brough of Birsay
Tidal island offshore from northwestern point of Mainland, Orkney. Reached at low tide by walking across a causeway. (Ask at local TIC in Stromness or Kirkwall for tide times.)
Remains of Pictish and Norse settlements. Pict remains are houses and metalworking debris. Norse remains are of farmsteads, domestic buildings and the Norse cathedral dating from the early 12th century. Graves have been unearthed on the island. Museum at the site.
Curwen Hill Chambered Cairn
By Finstown, Mainland, on A965. Historic Scotland.
Neolithic chambered tomb with four cells-once contained bones of men, dogs and oxen.

Gurness Broch
On Mainland, Orkney, off the A966 on sand track.
Remains of a broch and other settlements.

Holm of Papa Westray Chambered Cairn
On the island of Holm of Papa Westray. Historic Scotland.
Massive tomb. Long narrow chamber with 14 cells and wall engravings.

Knap of Howar
On the island of Papa Westray. Historic Scotland.
Two Neolithic standing stone houses with stone cupboards and stalls.

Maes Howe Chambered Cairn
Nine miles (14.5km) west of Kirkwall, Mainland, on the A965. Tel. (0) 1856 761 606. Historic Scotland. Entry fee.
Finest megalithic tomb in the British Isles. Large Neolithic mound (26ft (7.93m) high, 115ft (35m) in diameter, encircled by a ditch) covers stone-built passage 39 ft (11.9m) long leading to large burial chamber with 3 cells in the walls. Viking runes carved on the walls. Exhibition.

Midhowe Chambered Cairn
On the island of Rousay. Historic Scotland.
Huge Neolithic chambered tomb in an oval mound with 25 stalls. Protected by a modern building.

Mine Howe
On the island of Mainland at Tankerness, off A960 on minor road.
Access by steep stone steps to underground chamber, then another set of steps to a further underground chamber. Archaeologists date it from 200BC to 500AD. Its use is uncertain but thought to be religious. Bones, pottery and other artifacts were found in the chamber.

Quoyness Chambered Cairn
On the island of Sanday. Historic Scotland. Megalithic tomb with retaining walls, passage, main chamber and cells. Neolithic.

Rennibister Earth House
On A965, western Mainland, Orkney. Situated behind a farmhouse.
Access by trap door and ladder down into the chamber that has 5 wall recesses and an entrance passage. Human bones were found here. Thought to be of Iron Age time.

Ring of Brogar Stone Circle and Henge
5 miles (8km) east of Stromness, Mainland, on A965. Historic Scotland.
Late Neolithic circle of 27 upright stones (originally 60 stones) with an enclosing ditch.

Skara Brae Prehistoric Village
On the B 9056 northwest of Kirkwall, Mainland. Historic Scotland. Entry fee.
Best preserved group of Stone Age (main periods of settlement between 3100-2500BC) houses in western Europe. Long covered by sand, they were uncovered by a storm. The houses, linked by covered passageways contain stone furniture. Exhibition, museum.

Stones of Stenness Circle and Henge
Five miles (8km) northeast of Stromness, Orkney. Historic Scotland.
Remains of a stone circle surrounded by remains of a circular earthwork.

Taversoe Tuick Chambered Cairn
On the island of Rousay. Historic Scotland.
Neolithic chambered mound with two burial chambers.

Unstan Chambered Cairn
3.5 miles (5.8km) northeast of Stromness, Mainland. On farm road off the A965. Historic Scotland.
Neolithic mound covering a communal stone burial chamber of 5 compartments. Pottery was found in the chamber.

Wideford Hill Chambered Cairn
Two miles (3km) west of Kirkwall, Mainland, then one mile on foot from the road. Access by trap door and ladder. Historic Scotland.
Chambered Neolithic (3500-2500BC) tomb in a cairn with 3 concentric walls and a burial chamber. Views from the hillside.

Perthshire

Dunfallandy Stone
1 mile (1.6km) south of Pitlochry, Perthshire, on the A9. Historic Scotland.
Pictish sculptured stone.

Fowlis Wester Sculptured Stone
In the village church at Fowlis Wester, 6 miles (10km) northeast of Crieff, Perthshire, on the A85. Historic Scotland.
Tall cross-slab carved with Pictish symbols, figure sculpture and Celtic details.

Shetland

Clickhimin Broch
One mile (1.6km) southwest of Lerwick, Mainland, on A970. Historic Scotland.
Iron Age Broch tower.

Jarlshof Prehistoric and Norse Settlement
At Sumburgh Head, 22 miles (35.4km) south of Lerwick, Mainland, on A970. Historic Scotland.
Complex of 3 acre ancient settlements, one on top of the other. Time span is over 3000 years. Includes fragments of Stone Age occupation, Bronze Age village of oval stone huts, remains of settlement around Iron Age broch, wheelhouses and an entire Viking settlement. A medieval farmstead and 16th century hall were also built here. Visitor centre with displays on Iron Age life and history of the site.

Mousa Broch
On the uninhabited island of Mousa, Shetland. Accessible by boat from Sandwick, off the A970 south of Lerwick, Mainland. Historic Scotland.
Considered to be the finest surviving Iron Age broch tower. Forty feet (12.2m) high and 50 ft. (15.2m) in diameter at the base. Entrance by a long passage. Three doorways lead to chambers and another to a staircase.

Staneydale Temple
3.5 miles (5.8km) east of Walls, Mainland, on minor road off the A971. Historic Scotland.
Neolithic hall containing large oval chamber. Ruins of houses, walls and cairns.




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